Herbal Dictionary

Arnica ~ Arnica montana

  • Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic

  • Primarily used to treat external wounds

  • Promotes tissue regeneration

  • Creams and compresses are used to treat arthritis, sprains, bruises and headaches

  • Infusions used to clean wounds, abscesses and boils

  • External use only


Bladderwrack ~ Fucus vesiculosus

  • Rich source of iodine (+ calcium, magnesium, potassium)

  • Treats underactive and oversized thyroid

  • Anti-oestrogenic effects lower risk of oestrogen-dependent diseases

  • Lowers lipid and cholesterol levels, supporting weight loss

  • Improves skin elasticity and reduces skin thickness

  • Anti-candida, antibacterial, anti-tumour


Blessed Thistle ~ Cnicus benedictus

  • Rich source of iron

  • Increases circulation and oxygen delivery to the brain

  • Supports brain, heart and lung function

  • Bitter phytonutrients support liver and gallbladder function and promote digestion

  • Antifungal, diuretic

  • Treats hormonal disorders interfering with regular menstruation

  • Increases flow of breast milk

  • Removes toxins, acids and mucus (aids intracellular cleansing)


Blue Vervain ~ Verbena hastate

  • Diuretic, antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial

  • Treats nervous disorders such as stress, anxiety and restlessness

  • Treats menstrual cramps

  • Increases flow of breast milk

  • Calms spasms and convulsions


Bugleweed ~ Ajuga

  • Lowers high levels of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism)

  • Treats PMS and breast pain

  • Treats nervousness and insomnia

  • Reduces bleeding, especially with nosebleeds and heavy menstruation




Burdock Root ~ Actium lappa

  • Diuretic, blood cleanser, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-fungus, anti-cancer, antiviral, antibacterial

  • Treats skin conditions (e.g. acne, eczema, psoriasis) by removing toxins from the skin

  • Promotes urination to stimulate kidney function and repair

  • Purifies blood and restores liver function


Cascara Sagrada ~ Rhamnus purshiana

  • Contains emodin (antiviral and anticancer properties)

  • Used as a laxative

  • Stimulates peristaltic action of the intestine (wave-like motion, restores tone and health of intestine by pushing waste out of diverticula pouches)

  • Helps to restore mucous lining of intestine

  • Improves stomach, liver and pancreas secretions

  • Breaks up and removes gallstones


Chamomile ~ Matricaria chamomilla

  • Effective nervine properties

  • Ideal for soothing and calming babies, curing colic and stomach upset

  • Perhaps the safest and most pleasant sedative available

  • Infusions can be used externally to keep skin healthy

  • Treats symptoms of indigestion and heartburn


Chaparral ~ Larrea tridentate

  • Antimicrobial, antibacterial, anti-tumour, anticancer, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory

  • Kills parasites

  • Addresses sexually transmitted diseases

  • Treats skin conditions (eczema, psoriasis, rash, bruises)

  • Treats respiratory issues like colds and bronchitis


Cleavers ~ Galium aparine

  • Purifies the blood

  • Externally treats skin conditions

  • Strong diuretic. Not recommended for diabetics.

  • Flushes a range of diseases from the body through the kidneys

  • Dissolves kidney stones


Cocolmeca ~ Smilax regelii

  • Anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, antioxidant, anticancer, diaphoretic, diuretic

  • Binds with toxins to remove them from the body

  • Treats skin conditions such as psoriasis and leprosy

  • Treats rheumatoid arthritis and joint pain, headaches, colds and sexual impotence



Damiana ~ Turnera diffusa

  • Anti-aromatase, anti-anxiety

  • Strengthens male and female sexual organs, boosts sexual drive and potency

  • Blocks androstenedione and estrone conversion to oestrogen

  • Helps control oestrogen related illness like breast cancer and fibroids

  • Treats depression and nervousness

  • Treats constipation



Dandelion ~ Taraxacum

  • Used for loss of appetite, upset stomach, intestinal gas, muscle aches, joint pain, eczema and bruises

  • Skin toner, blood tonic, digestive tonic

  • Treats infections (especially viral) and cancer

  • Laxative and diuretic


Elderberries ~ Sambucas negras

  • Anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anti-influenza, anti-cancer

  • Treats colds, flu and allergies

  • Removes mucus from respiratory system

  • Binds with the H1N1 virus to stop it entering cells

  • Boosts immune system

  • High in vitamin C


Eyebright ~ Euprasia officinalis, Euphrasia rostkoviana

  • Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic

  • Used as an eyewash to sooth the eye’s mucous membrane and to treat chronic inflammation of the eye

  • Used internally to treat upper respiratory infections like sinusitis and hayfever

  • Treats wounds and reduces skin inflammation


Feverfew ~ Tanacetum parthenium

  • Treats various menstrual difficulties such as pain and delay

  • Treats fever and migrane

  • Helpful for those suffering from congestion, athsma and bronchial infections


Guinea Henweed ~ Petiveria

  • Anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antibacterial, anti-candida, antiviral, antifungal

  • Reduces pain

  • Reduces spasms

  • Reduces anxiety

  • Promotes menstruation and perspiration

  • Expels worms


Hemp ~ Cannabis sativa

  • Anticancer

  • Rich in CBD (cannabidiol)

  • Addresses the brain, central nervous system and immune system

  • Treats pain conditions such as fibromyalgia and arthritis

  • Balances mood and mental health

  • Reduces spasm and convulsion in conditions such a epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease



Hops ~ Humulus lupulus

  • Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer

  • Relieves pain

  • Promotes digestion, urination and appetite

  • Treats infections, insomnia and sleeping disorders

  • Reduces anxiety, tension, irritability and nervousness

  • Treats ADHD

  • Cleanses liver, spleen, kidneys and digestive system


Huereque ~ Ibervillea sonorae

  • Hypoglycaemic, anti-obesity, antimicrobial

  • Lowers blood-sugar levels, treats diabetes and reduces weight

  • Nourishes and cleanses the pancreas


Hydrangea Root ~ Hydrangea

  • Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-parasitic, autoimmune

  • Hydrangin compound dissolves calcium deposits in soft tissue

  • Treats bladder and kidney disease, dissolves kidney stones

  • Cleans the lymphatic system


Lavender ~ Lavandula

  • Antifungal, antibacterial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-insomnia, anticonvulsant, antispasmodic, antianxiety and antidepressant

  • Treats restlessness, insomnia, nervousness and depression.

  • Used for migraine, nerve pain and joint pain

  • Reverses abdominal swelling from gas, upset stomach, nausea, loss of appetite and vomiting

  • Treats acne


Lily of the Valley ~ Convallaria majalis

  • Anti-angiogenic, anti-tumour, diuretic

  • Heart tonic to treat heart failure and irregular heartbeat

  • Similar action to the drug ‘Digitalis’, but less concentrated

  • Promotes oxygen delivery to the heart

  • Reduces blood pressure and relaxes a weak heart to beat more slowly and efficiently while increasing its power


Linden ~ Tilia

  • Antioxidant, neuro-protective, anticonvulsant, anti-seizure, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, diuretic

  • Supports immune system

  • Relaxes nerves, relieves depression

  • Treats insomnia, fever, headaches and migraines, inflammatory skin conditions and the liver and gallbladder


Nettle (Stinging Nettle) ~ Urtica dioica

  • Overall health tonic and blood purifier

  • Anti-inflammatory, anticancer, diuretic, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiulcer, analgesic, haemostatic

  • Rich in iron and chlorophyll

  • Root used for enlarged prostate

  • Treats congestion issues, joint/muscle complaints, allergies, neurological disorders (sciatica, MS, neuralgia)

  • Treats hair loss, scalp conditions, restores hair colour

  • Improves circulation

  • Cleanses kidneys, removes kidney stones

  • Treats anaemia and reduces anaemic fatigue

  • The list goes on and on…


Nopal ~ Opuntia

  • Contains numerous phytonutrients, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals

  • Reverses type 2 diabetes

  • Treats high cholesterol, obesity, alcohol hangover, colitis, diarrhoea and viral infections

  • Source of iron


Prodigiosa ~ Brickellia canvanillesi

  • Stimulates pancreas and liver secretions, increasing bile synthesis and evacuation of bile from gallbladder

  • Treats diarrhoea, stomach pain, gallbladder disease

  • Treats diabetes by controlling blood-sugar levels

  • Treats headache and fever

  • Antianxiety

  • Induces vivid dream state


Quassia ~ Quassia amara

  • Antifungal, antiulcer, antimalarial, anticancer, insecticide

  • Treats constipation, diarrhoea, intestinal parasite infections, and fever

  • Used to stimulate digestive tract and bile production, increase appetite, cleanse blood

  • Stimulates enzyme production

  • Rebalances flora in the digestive tract to support the immune system

  • Not recommended for pregnant women, or men planning to reproduce

  • Not to be taken continuously for long periods


Raspberry Leaf ~ Rubus idaeus

  • Raspberry leaf tea is highly recommended for women during and following childbirth

  • Astringent, stimulant

  • Treats painful heavy periods and morning sickness

  • Purifies blood and skin

  • Treats heart problems, fever, diabetes and gastrointestinal tract disorders



Red Clover ~ Trifolium pratense

  • Anticancer, diuretic, expectorant, sedative, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerosis

  • Oestrogen properties relieve menopause symptoms

  • Purifies the blood

  • Breaks up calcification in soft tissues

  • Cleans lymphatic system of lymph fluid waste


Rhubarb Root ~ Rheum palmatum

  • Antioxidant, anticancer, antibacterial, heavy-metal chelation

  • Regulates the digestive tract to treat diarrhoea, constipation, stomach pain and acid reflux

  • Softens the stool to ease bowel movements and reduce pain from haemorrhoids and tears of the lining of the anus

  • Treats kidney stones and kidney disease

  • Removes acids and mucus from the body

  • Aids intracellular cleansing


Sage ~ Salvia officinalis

  • Antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-obesity

  • Reduces LDL cholesterol and raises HDL cholesterol

  • Improves memory

  • Treats menopausal hot flashes

  • Reduces gastrointestinal inflammation

  • Nourishes the pancreas

  • Treats diabetes

  • Used as a mouthwash and gargle to treat oral infections

  • Reduces fever

  • Poultice stops bleeding


Sapo ~ Eryngium carlinae

  • Hypolipidemic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory

  • Lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels in blood and arteries

  • Treats gallstones and kidney stones


Sarsaparilla ~ Smilax

  • Anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, antioxidant, anticancer, diaphoretic, diuretic

  • Binds with toxins for their removal from the blood and body

  • Treats skin conditions like psoriasis and leprosy

  • Treats rheumatoid arthritis and joint pain, headaches, colds and sexual impotence


Seamoss (Irish Moss) ~ Chondrus crispus

  • Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, laxative, demulcent

  • Sooths irritated mucous membranes from colds, coughs, bronchitis, tuberculosis, gastric ulcers, and intestinal problems

  • Source of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron

  • Supports joint and skin health

  • Wide range of nutrients makes is a great all round mineral supplement


Sensitiva ~ Mimosa sensitive

  • Antidepressant, anticonvulsant, antibacterial, diuretic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, aphrodisiac

  • Relieves pain caused by haemorrhoids and arthritis

  • Stops bleeding

  • Treats uterine infections

  • Increases sexual desire and libido


Shea Butter ~ Vitellaria paradoxa

  • Comes from the nut of the Shea tree

  • Rich in skin protective fatty acids, nutrients and phytonutrients

  • Moisturises the skin and increases elasticity

  • Treats blemishes, wrinkles, sunburn, eczema and small wounds


Shepherds Purse ~ Capsella bursa-pastoris

  • Effective in the treatment of bleeding (internal and external)

  • Haemostatic, astringent, diuretic

  • Treats diarrhoea

  • Treats haemorrhages

  • Reduces menstrual cramps and long periods


Soursop Leaves ~ Annona muricata

  • Anticancer, anti-tumour, antibacterial, anti-parasitic, sedative, antidepressant, antiviral, anticonvulsant

  • Reduces blood pressure and lowers heart rate

  • Dilates blood vessels

  • Reduces spasms

  • Reduces fever

  • Expels worms

  • Stimulates digestion



Valerian Root ~ Valerianu officinalis

  • Sedative, anticonvulsant, antianxiety and antidepressant

  • Relieves anxiety, nervousness, exhaustion, headache and hysteria

  • Relaxes and strengthens the uterus


Wild Cherry Bark ~ Prunus serotina

  • Treats colds, whooping cough, bronchitis and other lung problems

  • Treats diarrhoea, gout, digestive disorders, pain and cancer

  • Used in cough syrups for its sedative, drying and cough-suppressing effects


Wormwood ~ Artemisia absinthium

  • Treats digestion problems such as loss of appetite and upset stomach

  • Treats gallbladder disease

  • Reduces intestinal spasms

  • Treats fever, liver disease and worm infections

  • Stimulates sweating and increases sexual desire

  • Used in creams and compresses for wounds and insect bites


Yarrow ~Achillea millefolium

  • Stops bleeding

  • Speeds up healing of wounds

  • Treats colds and fever

  • Stimulates perspiration and brings vitality

  • Treats diarrhoea, loss of appetite and gastrointestinal tract discomfort


Yellow Dock ~ Rumex crispus

  • Antioxidant, antimicrobial, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic

  • Stimulates bile production, aiding the digestion of fat

  • Stimulates bowel movement to clear the digestive tract

  • Purifies the blood

  • Liver and gallbladder cleanser

  • Cleans the lymphatic system


Yohimbe ~ Corvanthe yohimbe

  • Anti-obesity, antidepressant, libido-enhancing

  • Reverses erectile impotence

  • Used commonly to aid male libido, but is effective also in increasing female sexual desire and performance